Fairs and festivals add much needed zing to our life and give us an opportunity to forget all our tensions and make merry. They are the very essence of our vibrant culture. India being a melting pot of several religions has no dearth of festivals to celebrate. Here is a rundown on the festivals which define the 29 states of India
Andhra Pradesh – Brahmotsavam
安得拉邦 – Brahmotsavam
The most important and auspicious annual fête celebrated at Sri Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh. Sri Venkateswara Swami Vari Brahmotsavam is conducted for nine days during the months September – October.
这是在安得拉邦蒂鲁帕蒂的Sri Venkateswara寺庆祝最重要和最吉祥的年度盛宴。Sri Venkateswara Swami Vari Brahmotsavam在9月至10月期间进行为期9天的庆祝。
The Utsava-murti (processional deity) of the Lord Venkateswara, along with his consorts Sridevi and Bhudevi, will be taken on a procession on different Vahanams on the streets surrounding the temple.
This attracts pilgrims and tourists from all parts of India and abroad. Popular legend says that Brahma, the creator God worshiped Venkateswara on the banks of the holy Swami Pushkarini in Tirupati as a way to give thanks for the Lord’s protection of mankind.
Arunachal Pradesh – Losar Festival
阿鲁纳恰尔邦 – 洛萨尔节
The Tibetan New year is also known as Losar and is mainly celebrated for 3 days in late January or February. Marked with ancient ceremonies that represent the struggle between good and evil Lossar has people chanting and passing fire torches through the crowds.
Events like the dance of the deer and the amusing battles between the King and his various ministers provide the cheerful side of festivities. Losar Festival is characterized especially by dancing, music, and a general spirit of merry making.
Assam – Bohag Bihu
阿萨姆 – Bohag Bihu
It’s the time to greet each other a Happy New Year! The spring festival of Bohaag Bihu or Rongali Bihu ushers in the New Year in the State of Assam, which marks the onset of a new agricultural cycle. Many fairs are organized where people revel in festivities and visit each other’s houses, exchange gifts.
是互相问候新年快乐的时候了！Bohaag Bihu或Rongali Bihu的春节迎来了阿萨姆邦新的一年，标志着新农业循环的开始。人们组织许多展会来庆祝这个节日，互相到家里拜访彼此，交换礼物。
Young girls in traditional attire sing “Bihugeets” and dance the traditional “MukoliBihu”. The celebrations go on for days together, and it’s also a good time for young people to find a companion of their own choice!
Bihar – Chhath Puja
比哈尔邦 – Chhath Puja
Chhath Puja also called Dala Puja devoted to worshiping the sun is traditionally celebrated by the people of Bihar. Chhath falls in the months of October or November.
Chhath Puja也称Dala Puja致力于崇拜太阳，传统上是由比哈尔人民庆祝的。 Chhath在十月或十一月。
Chhath assumes a joyous and colorful form as people dress up in their best clothes and gather by rivers and other water bodies to celebrate.Lamps are lit and devotional folk songs sung in honor of ‘Chhat Maiya’ or Ganga. After sunset earthen lamps or ‘diyas’ are lit in the courtyards of houses.
Chattisgarh – Bastar Dussehra
恰蒂斯加尔邦 – Bastar Dussehra
Bastar Dussehra the longest Dussehra celebrations in the world is celebrated in Bastar and spans over 75 days starting around August and ending at October. Diverse tribes participate with traditional customs.
Bastar Dussehra begins with several customs like ‘Pata jatra’, or worship of wood followed by ‘Deri Gadhai’- Posting of the pillars, Kachan Gaadi- Throne for goddess Kachan Devi, Kalash Sthapana- Installation of urns, Jogi Bithai- Jogi’s penance, Rath Parikrama- The chariot circuit, Nisha Jatra- The nocturnal festival, Jogi Uthai- Raising of the jogi, Maoli Parghav- Reception of Devi Maoli, Bheetar Raini- The inner circuit, Baahar Raini- The outer circuit, Kachan Jatra- Thanksgiving ceremony, Muria Durbar- The tribal chieftains’ conference and finally on the last day, Ohadi- A farewell to deities.
Bastar Dussehra以“Pata jatra”之类的习俗开始，或者崇拜木头，接着是“Deri Gadhai” – 支柱的发布，Kachan Gavii-王座的女神Kachan Devi，Kalash Sthapana-缸的安装，Jogi Bithai- Jogi的忏悔， Rath Parikrama-战车巡回赛Nisha Jatra-夜间节日Jogi Uthai-jogi的上升，Maoli Parghav- Devi Maoli的接待Blesar Raini-内部巡回，Baahar Raini-外部巡回，Kachan Jatra-感恩节仪式， 穆里亚·杜巴 – 部落酋长会议，最后一天，奥哈迪 – 神的告别。
Goa – Carnival
果阿 – 嘉年华
The exciting and fun-filled three-day non-stop extravaganza of fun, frolic, song, music and dance that is uniquely Goan! Celebrated since the 18thcentury, it was meant to be a feasting-drinking-merrymaking orgy just before the 40 days of Lent; a time of abstinence and spirituality.
振奋人心，充满乐趣的为期三天的无尽乐趣，嬉戏，歌曲，音乐和舞蹈，就是独一无二果阿嘉年华！ 自十八世纪以来，它就是在四十天斋戒期之前举行的盛宴狂欢; 一个禁欲和灵性的时刻。
In the Carnival huge parades through the cities are organized with bands, floats and dances and balls in the evenings. The final day concludes with the famous Red-and-Black dance held by the Clube Nacional in Panjim.
在狂欢节中，由乐队，花车，舞蹈和舞会组成的大型游行在晚上在城市中穿梭。 最后一天以Panjim的Clube Nacional举办的着名的红黑舞蹈结束
The carnival is presided over by King Momo, who on the opening day orders his subjects to party. The festival attracts thousands of tourists.
Gujarat – Janmashtami, Diwali
古吉拉特邦 – Janmashtami，排灯节
The birth anniversary of Lord Krishna is celebrated with great fervor all over India especially at Gujarat. Temples and homes are beautifully decorated and lit. People fast all day and eat only after the midnight birth ceremony.
Mathura has many temples dedicated to Krishna where night long prayers are offered and religious hymns are sung.Often, small children dress up like Lord Krishna on this day. In the temples, images and picturization of Krishna’s life story are depicted.
The festival of lights Diwali is also celebrated with much enthusiasm in Gujarat. Lamps are lit in all houses and sweets are distributed by people. Festival marks the beginning of the New Year.
Haryana – Baisakhi
哈里亚纳邦 – Baisakhi
Festival of Baisakhi marks the time for harvest of Rabi crops and farmers celebrate it with lots of joy and zeal in Punjab and Haryana. The day of Baisakhi dawns in colors and vibrancy as cries of “Jatta aayi Baisakhi” reverberate in the skies as gaily-dressed men and women move towards the fields to celebrate the occasion.
Baisakhi节日标志着Rabi庄稼的收获时节，居住在旁遮普邦和哈里亚纳邦的农民们以极大的欢乐和热情庆祝这个节日。Baisakhi在色彩和活力的黎明中随着“Jatta aayi Baisakhi”的叫喊声在天空中回荡，穿着华丽的男人和女人走向田野庆祝这一场合。
The traditional folk dances Bhangra and Gidda are performed by men and women to the beat of Dhol. Colourful Baisakhi Fairs are also organized to celebrate the day. Wrestling bouts, singing and acrobatics are held along with music performances.
Himachal Pradesh – Mahashivaratri
喜马偕尔邦 – Mahashivaratri
Himachal Pradesh is said to host the biggest Shivaratri celebration in the country. A week-long international Mandi Shivratri Fair is held near the Temple of Bhoothnath (Lord Shiva) every year and it attracts a lot of tourists from all over the country and even abroad.
据说喜马偕尔邦举办该国最大的Shivaratri庆典。 为期一周的国际Mandi Shivratri博览会每年在Bhoothnath寺（Shiva阁下）附近举行，吸引了来自全国各地乃至国外的许多游客。
Every year a Shobha Yatra is conducted which witnesses unmatched fervor and utmost participation. The entire night during Shivratri celebration reverberates with exalted spiritual energy. A combination of five pure ingredients comprising milk, butter, curd, honey and sugar is offered to Lord Shiva.
Jammu and Kashmir – Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha
查谟和克什米尔 – 开斋节和宰牲节
If you have to experience the real fun and celebrations of Id, you have to be in Kashmir! Eid-ul-Fitr marks the end of fasting month of Ramadan. On this day, Muslims wear new clothes and attend many grand feasts. Eid-ul-Azha is an equally important festival, which is more prominent for the Qurbani (sacrifice). People sacrifice goats, sheep and some even camels.
On this day, Muslims show their real joy for the health, strength and the opportunities of life, which Allah has given to them to fulfill their obligation of fasting and other good deeds during the blessed month of Ramadan.
Jharkhand – Holi
恰尔肯德邦 – 胡里节
Holi is celebrated in the months of February/March with great charm and vigor The spring festival of Holi is one of the most important festivals of Jharkhand. The lighting of bonfire also forms a special feature of the Holi celebrations in Dhanbad.
Fun and frolic are also redefined in various forms in the festive celebrations here. People greet each other with colors and thus enhance the feeling of harmony due to which happiness prevails. The tradition of playing Holi with mud is also extremely delightful.
Karnataka – Ugadi
卡纳塔克邦 – 乌加迪
People from all over Karnataka celebrate Ugadi in the second half of March or in early April with much enthusiasm and gaiety. Ugadi is considered as an auspicious time for commencing new ventures.
The popular legend is that the Lord Brahma started the creation of the vast universe on the auspicious day of Ugadi and it also marks the beginning of the new Hindu lunar calendar. People decorate their homes and puja rooms with flowers and mango leaves. Special dishes are prepared and enjoyed by the people to mark the festival.
Kerala – Onam
喀拉拉邦 – Onam
Onam is one of the popular festivals of Kerala is celebrated with joy and enthusiasm by people of all communities. According to a popular legend, the festival is celebrated to welcome King Mahabali, whose spirit is said to visit Kerala at the time of Onam. Intricately designed flower mats called, Pookalams are made in the front courtyard of the house to welcome King Mahabali.
Onam is celebrated in Chingam, (August-September) and lasts for ten days. The tenth day, Thiruonam is marked by elaborate feasts, folk songs, elegant dances, energetic games, elephants, boats and flowers. Vallamkali, the enchanting Snake Boat Race, Folk performances like Kummatti kali and Pulikali add to the zest of celebrations.
Onam在Chingam（8月至9月）庆祝并持续十天。第十天被称为Thiruonam，以精心制作的盛宴，民歌，优雅的舞蹈，精力充沛的游戏，大象，船只和鲜花为特色。 Vallamkali-有趣蛇船竞赛，Kummatti kali和Pulikali等民间表演增添了庆祝活动的热情。
Madhya Pradesh – Diwali
中央邦 – 排灯节
Madhya Pradesh celebrates Diwali, the Festival of lights with much splendour. Decorations and lighting are done throughout houses & markets. Prior to the Diwali night, called the Dhan-teras all the shops remain open the whole night. Sweets are prepared in every household and exchanged.
On Diwali day, houses all over Madhya Pradesh glow with a twinkle of innumerable diyas, candles and electric lights. The night is illuminated with the flaming lights of fireworks. Diwali Festival marks the beginning of the New Year. The Baiga and Gond tribes performed their traditional dances to celebrate the Diwali Festival.
Maharashtra – Ganesh Chaturthi
马哈拉施特拉邦 – 象神节
Ganesh Chaturthi, the most important festival of Maharashtra falls in months of August – September. Ganesh images are kept in houses as a divine guest for five to ten days by people. The image is then taken out ceremoniously and immersed in the river, sea or well. It is called Visarjan. Modak is special cuisine for Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations.
Huge Ganesh idols are worshipped at nicely decorated pandals for 8 to 10 days. Slogans of Ganpathi Bappa Morya reverberate as the idols are taken out in huge processions during the day of immersion. Cultural activities of singing, dancing, and theater, and free medical and blood donation camps are held during the festival.
巨大的象神像在装饰精美的棚舍中摆放8至10天，供人们侍奉。 象神像在浸入日那天从棚舍中取出，Ganpai Bappa Morya的口号在天空中回荡。诸如歌舞，戏剧了的文化活动，也会在节日期间进行，同时也有免费的医疗和献血营。
Manipur – Yaoshang
曼尼普尔邦 – Yaoshang
One of the premier festivals of Manipur, Yaoshang is celebrated for five days and commences from the full moon day of Phalguna (February/march). The main highlight of the festival is the Thabal Chongba dance, a Manipuri folk dance where boys and girls form a circle and hold hands and sing and dance.
Donations are collected from house to house and the money collected is spent on parties and merry making.So if you are planning a trip to Manipur in the month of February, don’t forget to be a part of the Yaoshang festival and carry home the memories you will cherish all your lives.
Meghalaya – Nongkrem Dance Festival
梅加拉亚邦 – Nongkrem舞蹈节
The Nongkrem dance festival of the hill state of Meghalaya is a five days long religious festival devoted to appease the Goddess Ka Blei Synshar for a rich bumper harvest and prosperity of the people.
梅加拉亚邦的Nongkrem舞蹈节是一个为期五天的宗教节日，旨在安抚女神Ka Blei Synshar，以求得人们的丰收和繁荣。
Dances are performed by unmarried men & women dressed in exotic costumes. The men’s dancing is naturally more vigorous and energetic. They hold a sword in their right hand and usually a white Yak hair whisk in their left hand, keeping time to the changing beats of drums and playing of the tangmuri or pipes.
Mizoram – ChapcharKut Festival
米佐拉姆 – ChapcharKut节
Mizoram’s biggest festival, Chapchar Kut marks the clearing and readying of hill slopes for jhum or shifting cultivation. It is celebrated with gaiety and fervor by young & old.
米佐拉姆最大的节日Chapchar Kut标志着山坡的清理和准备工作或轮班耕种。 它被年轻人和老年人欢乐和热情地庆祝。
On this day people dressed in colorful costumes and distinctive head gears and jewelries, assemble and perform various folk dances, singing traditional songs accompanied by beating of drums, gongs and cymbals. The energetic Bamboo dance&other main dances like Khuallam, Chheihlam, Chai and Sarlamkai are performed as part of community festivities.
Exhibition and sale of indigenous Handloom and Handicraft products and flower show, food festival, musical competition and different traditional games are also organized during the Chapchar Kut festival
Nagaland – Hornbill Festival
那加兰邦 – 犀鸟节日
The week-long Hornbill Festival of Nagaland is one of the biggest cultural extravaganzas in the North East& held every year from Dec1-10. It is a festival to revive, protect, sustain, and promote the richness of the Naga heritage and traditions.
All the Naga tribes get together for a week-long celebration of their cultural and traditional plight and showcase their age-old traditions.
Odisha (Orissa) – Raja Parba
奥里萨（奥里萨邦） – 拉贾帕尔巴
Raja Parba is the living cultural heritage of Odisha and the manifestation of the agricultural way of life. A festival of harvest held for three days in June, the first day is called Pahili Raja, the second day is the Raja Sankranti, and the third day is Basi Raja.
A joyous atmosphere pervades as the young men of the village play local games like Kabaddi. Competitions are also held between different groups of the village. A festival of joy you can say!
Punjab – Lohri
旁遮普 – 洛里
Lohri is a popular festival, celebrated by Punjabi particularly of Hindu and Sikh faith on the 13thof January a day before Makar Sankranti.
A week before Lohri, children begin gathering firewood and huge fires are burnt on Lohri night. In the morning, children go from door to door singing and demanding the Lohri ‘loot’ in the form of money and eatables. Lohri is essentially a festival dedicated to the Sun god and to share the warmth with your family and loved ones.
Rajasthan – Gangaur Festival
拉贾斯坦邦 – Gangaur节日
The Gangaur festival in Rajasthan is a colourful affair and offers a wonderful opportunity to tourists to enjoy cultural festivity.
It falls a fortnight after Holi&is celebrated for 18 days in honor of Goddess Parvati mostly by the womenfolk of Rajasthan. Offerings are made to the Goddess Parvati& the festival is considered an auspicious occasion for young people to choose their life partners.
During the festival, images of Gauri (the other name of Goddess Paravati) and Shiva are taken out in colorful processions. The whole event comes to an end with the display of wonderful fireworks.
Sikkim – Saga Dawa
锡金 – 佐贺达瓦
The magnificent carnival of Sikkim, Saga Dawa is famous for masked dances and the festival exhibits in rare and elegant colors add richness and diversity. On the day of the Saga Dawa the people of Sikkim, especially the Mahayana Buddhists gather in temples and pay due honor to the Lord.
They light up lamps and the ceremony is followed by a grand pageant which consists of Monks who move to the chants of holy scriptures and hymns in the procession
Tamil Nadu – Pongal
泰米尔纳德邦 – 庞加尔
Pongal is a four-day-long harvest festival of Tamil Nadu which falls in the month of January-February.
The first day of Pongal – The Bhogi festival is celebrated with the ritual of Bhogi Mantalu when useless items of the household are tossed into a bonfire traditionally made of cow dung cakes and wood. On the second day – Thai Pongal, rice and milk are boiled together in an earthen pot as an offering to the sun god.
庞加尔的第一天 – Bhogi节日的庆祝活动是Bhogi Mantalu仪式，把无用的家用物品被扔进传统上由牛粪和木头制成的篝火中。 第二天 – 泰国的庞加尔，把米饭和牛奶在陶锅里一起煮，作为献给太阳神的食物。
Sugarcane, coconuts and bananas are also offered. The third day – Mattu Pongal is dedicated to cows. They are adorned with bells, sheaves of corn, garlandsand worshipped. The houses look magnificent with Kolam designs (traditional floral designs made with rice, colored powders, and flower petals).
同时供奉的还有甘蔗，椰子和香蕉。第三天 – 马图庞加尔，奉献给奶牛。人们用铃铛，玉米，花环来装饰这些奶牛，并供奉他们。用Kolam设计（用米，彩色粉末和花瓣制成的传统花卉图案）装饰的房屋看起来华丽宏伟。
Telangana – Bonalu
特兰伽纳 – 奉食节
Bonalu is celebrated in Telangana and the word Bonalu came from “Bhojanalu” which is offered to the goddess during festival time. It is believed that the Goddess comes back to her maternal home on this day. So people come to see her and bring offerings of food (Bonalu).
Women prepare Bonam in a pot and decorate with small neem branches, turmeric, kumkum and a Lamp on the top of it. Women put the pots on their heads and take it to Goddess temple, led by drummers and dancing men.
Tripura – Kharchi Puja
特里普拉 – 卡尔基普亚
Kharchi puja is the worship of the fourteen gods of Tripura and is celebrated in the month of July-August. On the day of puja, the fourteen deities are carried to river Saidra, bathed in the holy water and brought back to the temple.
People offer different type so Prasad like goat, buffalo, fouls, sweets etc. Nowadays many cultural programs are performed in the night and a large fair is also organized on the occasion.
Uttar Pradesh – Navaratri
北方邦 – 九夜节
Navratri is one of the holiest Hindu festivals is celebrated with much pomp and grandeur in Uttar Pradesh. Navratri is celebrated for nine nights during which people worship Goddess Durga and her nine forms to seek Her blessings.
Special pujas of Devi are also held by setting up the images/idols of Mother Durga in beautifully decorated pandals accompanied by cultural songs, dances, and dramas. These idols are then immersed in rivers at the end of the festival.
Uttarakhand – Ganga Dusshera
北阿坎德邦 – Ganga Dusshera
In the month of June, Ganga Dussehra is celebrated at major ghats of Uttarakhand. This festival is a day of devotion and faith. People in large numbers bathe in the Ganga to get purified of sins and at night devotees start offering leaf boats with flames, sweets and flowers to the river.
在六月份，Ganga Dusshera在北阿坎德邦的主要高止山脉庆祝。 这个节日是关于献身和信仰的日子。许多人们在恒河洗澡，以净化自己的罪恶，到了晚上，信徒们开始向河流供奉带有火焰，糖果和鲜花的叶船。
Big fairs are also organized in various parts of India like Varanasi, Haridwar, Mathura and Allahabad which are the major attractions during this time.
West Bengal – Durga Puja
西孟加拉邦 – 杜尔加普亚
Durga Puja also referred to as Durgotsava in West Bengal and celebrated with much gaiety and pomp here. The festival is commemorated by worshipping Goddess Durga. It is one of the biggest festivals in Bengal and is celebrated on a mass scale with Puja Pandals erected on almost every corner. Community Pujas are also organized in each locality.
On the last day, the idols are taken in decorative processions to be immersed in the river or the pond. Apart from traditional rituals, many cultural activities like song and dance competitions, games and fetes are organized during the festival.
India is a land of festivals where people of all religions coexist in harmony. The festivals are a true manifestation of its culture and traditions. Now that you have been through the festivals which define the 29 states of India it is up to you to celebrate them with all pomp and splendor.
We would love to know your favorite festivals in India! Share away your thoughts in the comments!!