Hubei has a long history and magnificent culture. Painted pottery from Neolithic period was excavated at Qujialing of Jingshan county in 1955. It was named the Qujialing culture. Five kilometers north of Jiangling County town lies the remains of Ji’nan, the capital of Chu.
For almost four hundred years from 689 to 278 B.C, a total of twenty kings made Ji’nan their capital. It was not only the political, economic and cultural center of the state of Chu but also the largest city in south of China. Sun Quan, King of the Kingdom of Wu in the three Kingdoms Period, built fortifications in Wuhan, then called Jiangxia. Hubei was made province during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
Major cities and towns