印度的流行病——我们的责任 Pandemic in India – Our share of the blame

Pandemic is at it is worst in India. At the time of writing this article, India is the second biggest suffering country.


This agony started in December 2019 when infection in Wuhan started taking lives. Since then, we have been requesting everyone to support each other and not succumb to their greediness during this situation. Greediness has not stopped, and the pandemic continues. Seventeen months and we are still in pain of not traveling freely, low business, loss of dear ones, etc.


When accountability is discussed at the international level, countries blame each other. At national levels, provincial or state heads are blamed, and ultimately ordinary people are blamed.


Has anyone checked personal accountability of continuing pandemic? Spare few moments and ask yourself about the contribution from your side to stop this pandemic.


Many people who succumbed to this infection had plenty of unfulfilled responsibilities, and many went away when they had plans to enjoy a retired period after working for the whole life. These losses are are irrecoverable and permanent.


Everyone asks about the role of governments or a country during this pandemic. Why does no one ask the same question to himself or herself? What have we done individually to control this pandemic? Donations? Expert opinions? Comments? Is our role only limited to this as humans?


We donate and share on social media and then speculate on products that are meant to control pandemics. Our knowledge about the product? “Zero.” Why are we dealing? High demand, easy to deal, more profit.


Have you realized this greediness will lead to loss of life?


One straightforward example which is extremely easy to understand. Today every person on the earth knows there is an oxygen shortage in India, and most of us take this as an opportunity to earn good money in the short term.


How this shortage incurred, and why the a sudden surge in demand? People trusted and paid whatever seller demanded is of the causes of a sudden surge of oxygen demand in India. That product is a finger pulse oximeter.


People trusted this product. My close friend was using this product and had to be hospitalized for oxygen which hospital meter showed less than 80, but the oximeter showed more than 90. Trust led him to death bed.


This was an avoidable situation.


Today humidifiers and air-purifiers are being sold as oxygen concentrators. Is this fair? Karma says, “It is equally wrong to see something which is wrong and not stopping as doing something wrong. Can we stop each other from doing wrong? Can we support each other in bringing this world to normal condition?


Remember, no one is safe until everyone is safe.


What China imports from India? 中国从印度进口什么?

​Two prominent and ancient civilizations of the world, India and China the two neighbors have many cultural similarities. Apart from sharing borders, the two countries share each other’s resources for mutual benefits.


India is the 7th largest importer of Chinese products and shares its natural resources, agricultural produce, and manufacturing capacity with China.


Cotton and cotton yarn from India are imported in significant quantities by Chinese friends. A 70% chance is that cotton used in China’s clothes is from India. China imports raw cotton and a wide variety of cotton yarn from India.


Textile import in ChinaApart from cotton and cotton yarn, reputed garment brands in China import their products made in India.  Textile intermediaries such as organic dyes, softeners from India are widely in use in China. 80% chance of organic pigment used in printing your fabric bought in China is from India.

Finished leather from buffalo, sheep, goats, and other animals for footwear and clothing in China is from India.



Wood import in ChinaChinese friends widely use floor coverings such as carpets made on handloom and woven. High-end furnishing is incomplete without rosewood and sandalwood from India.



Indian marble and granite in ChinaIndia has a broad spectrum of natural, precious, and semi-precious stones. Quartz, marble, granite, diamonds, and many other semi-precious, precious, and natural stones are imported in huge quantities by China.


Mica, copper, brass, bronze, and aluminum are imported in decent volume apart from a large quantity of iron ore and iron powder.


Castor oil and products based on castor are in supply in large quantities. Another product imported in large in China from India, low-density polyethylene, manufactured by Reliance Industries, a company owned by the wealthiest person in Asia, Mr. Mukesh Ambani. The packing industry in China uses kraft papers, primarily made in India. The pulp of recycled newspapers from India has an ample supply in China.

Groundnut kernels and crude peanut oil has made their space in the food industry of China. Oil extraction mills in the State of Gujarat in India are operating at their peak production capacity with Chinese buyers’ orders. India produces a wide variety of groundnuts which is known as the power bank of proteins.

蓖麻油和蓖麻制品大量供应。另一种从印度大量进口的产品是低密度聚乙烯,由亚洲最富有的人穆克什·安巴尼(Mukesh Ambani)拥有的信实工业(Reliance Industries)制造。



Henna import in ChinaPsyllium husk, soya in various forms, Kabuli chickpea, Indian chickpea, guar gum, dried flowers, henna, and many other similar products made in India are in good demand with Chinese consumers.


Livestock exports from India to ChinaShrimps, lobsters, crabs, squid, octopus, sea snails, and similar animals from India are part of China’s menu.

A meal in China is incomplete without rice. “Basmati,” the king of rice, and broken rice from India are consumed largely by Chinese friends. The flavor and taste of the food are not complete without red chili. 85% of the red chili in China is from India, mainly from Andhra Pradesh. The menu is incomplete without desserts, and what better than the king of fruits, “Alphonso” mango from India. Mango pulp from India is one of the most desired products in its segment in China.

World-famous black tea from Darjeeling and Assam tea is popular in China too. An ample quantity supply of sugar keeps on adding sweetness to the relations of both countries.




Herbal products for health and cosmetics, human hair, imitation jewelry essential oils, pharma intermediaries, massage oils, etc., from India, have decent demand in China. Bromine powder from India plays a vital role in cosmetics fromChina. Cumin seeds, fennel seeds, moringa, sesame, etc., from India, are widely used in Chinese traditional medicine.


Chinese in IndiaExchange is not limited to natural resources and commodities. One can see many Chinese friends at the new “China town of India,” Gurugram, Varanasi, Pushkar, and other parts of India. Indian traders, entrepreneurs, professionals, students stay across China.


The 21st century belongs to Asia, and these two Asian giants can change the world for better living. The process of change has already started with the whole world looking at these two countries for their need for the vaccine. Both countries have stood up in this situation and helping the world to restore normalcy. India is supplying vaccines to more than 73 countries and is equally supported by China, with supplies to more than 70 countries.

21世纪属于亚洲,这两个亚洲巨人可以为了更好的生活而改变世界。改变的过程已经开始,全世界都在关注这两个国家对疫苗的需求。两国都在这种情况下挺身而出,帮助世界恢复正常。印度向超过 73 个国家提供疫苗,同样得到中国的支持,向 70 多个国家供应疫苗。



People who have been vaccinated from other countries can also enter China?

BBC correspondent: You mentioned the ” vaccine nationalism “, the party requires the entry of Chinese personnel vaccination Chinese vaccine, but maybe some countries to China is difficult to inoculate vaccine, some people say this is the ” vaccine nationalism “. What’s China’s response to this?

Hua Chunying: Vaccines are a weapon against the virus and the hope of saving lives. Whether it is a Chinese vaccine or a foreign vaccine, as long as it is safe and effective, it is a good vaccine. China has never required everyone to be vaccinated against China. In fact, vaccines are scarce materials, and we ourselves need them very much. The reason why China is willing to share with you, to provide assistance to more than 60 countries, to facilitate the purchase of vaccines in more than 40 countries, or to vaccinate foreigners in China, is to try its best to cater for their needs and provide assistance within its capacity.

In order to restore the exchanges between Chinese and foreign people in an orderly manner, China has provided visa facilities for foreigners who have been vaccinated with the new crown pneumonia vaccine produced in China and have a vaccination certificate to come to China. This is a beneficial exploration and attempts to facilitate cross-border personnel exchanges after large-scale vaccination on the basis of full consideration of safety and effectiveness. Last year, China had already advocated for countries to discuss the establishment of an international mutual recognition mechanism for health codes. We are willing to reach mutually beneficial arrangements with all parties on the basis of fully accommodating each other’s concerns and friendly consultations to build a new order of smooth, healthy, safe, and orderly cross-border personnel exchanges.

BBC reporter: Does this mean that people who have been vaccinated from other countries will also be able to enter China in the future? If you are, about what time?

Hua Chunying: This question needs to be answered by experts. China is willing to discuss with other countries the establishment of flexible and diverse reciprocal mechanisms on the basis of fully accommodating each other’s concerns and friendly consultations. With regard to the content of mutual recognition and reciprocal measures, China takes an open position and will make proper arrangements based on the opinions of experts.

In fact, the Chinese side is discussing with relevant countries to make reciprocal arrangements for the vaccinations of the relevant personnel. As long as it is conducive to the prevention and control of the epidemic and facilitating personnel exchanges, we all have an open and positive attitude.

Transcript of PM Modi’s first speech at the United Nations General Assembly 莫迪总理在联合国大会上的首次演讲

Mr.President and distinguished delegates, Let me first congratulate you on your election as the President of the 69th session of the United Nations General Assembly. It is truly a great honor to address you for the first time as India’s prime minister. I stand here, conscious of the hopes and expectations of the people of India. I am also mindful of the expectations of the world from 1.25 billion people. India is a country that constitutes one-sixth of humanity, a nation experiencing economic and social transformation on a scale rarely seen in history. Its civilization and philosophical tradition shape every nation’s world view. India’s ancient wisdom sees the world as one family. It is this timeless current of thought that gives India an unwavering belief in multilateralism. As I stand here, I am equally aware of the hopes pinned on this great assembly. I am struck by the sacred belief that brought us together. An extraordinary vision and a clear recognition of our shared destiny brought us together to build this institution for advancing peace and security, the rights of every human being, and economic development for all.


From 51 nations then, today 193 sovereign hope. We have achieved much in the past six decades in our mission to end wars, prevent conflict, maintain peace, feed the hungry, strive to save our planet, and create opportunities for children. 69 UN peacekeeping missions since 1948 have made the blue helmet the color of peace. Today, there is a surge of democracy across the world, including in South Asia; in Afghanistan, we are at a historic moment of democratic transition and affirmation of unity. Afghans are showing that their desire for a peaceful and democratic future will prevail over violence. Nepal has moved from violence to peace and democracy; Bhutan’s young democracy is flourishing. Democracy is trying to find a voice in West Asia and North Africa; Tunisia’s success makes us believe that it is possible. There is a new stirring for stability, progress, and progress in Africa. There is an unprecedented spread of prosperity in Asia and beyond, rising on the strength of peace and tranquility. Latin America, a continent of enormous potential, is coming together in a shared pursuit of stability and prosperity, making it an essential anchor of the world.


India desires a peaceful and stable environment for its development. A nation’s destiny is linked to its neighborhood. That is why my Government has placed the highest priority on advancing friendship and cooperation with her neighbors. This includes Pakistan. I am prepared to engage in a serious bilateral dialogue with Pakistan in a peaceful atmosphere, without the shadow of terrorism, to promote our friendship and cooperation. However, Pakistan must also take its responsibility seriously to create an appropriate environment. Raising issues in this forum is not the way to resolve the problems between our two countries. Instead, today, we should be thinking about the victims of floods in Jammu and Kashmir. In India, we have organized massive flood relief operations and offered assistance for Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. India is part of the developing world, but we are prepared to share our modest resources with those countries that need this assistance as much as we do. This is a time of great flux and change. The world is witnessing tensions and turmoil on a scale rarely seen in recent history. There are no major wars, but tensions and conflicts abound; and, there is an absence of real peace and uncertainty about the future. An integrating Asia Pacific region is still concerned about maritime security that is fundamental to its future. Europe faces the risk of a new division. In West Asia, extremism and fault lines are growing. Our own region continues to face the destabilizing threat of terrorism. Africa faces the twin threat of rising terrorism and a health crisis. Terrorism is taking new shape and a new name. No country, big or small, in the north or the south, east or west, is free from its threat. Are we really making concerted international efforts to fight these forces, or are we still hobbled by our politics, territory, or terrorism as instruments of their policy? We welcome efforts to combat terrorism’s resurgence in West Asia, which is affecting countries near and far. The efforts should involve the support of al countries in the region. Today, even as seas, space, and cyberspace have become new instruments of prosperity, they could also become a new theatre of conflicts. Today, more than ever, the need for an international compact, which is the foundation of the United Nations, is stronger than before.


While we speak of an interdependent world, have we become more united as nations? Today, we still operate in various Gs with different numbers. India, too, is involved in several. But, how much are we able to work together as G1 or G-All? On the one side, we say that our destinies are inter-linked; on the other hand, we still think of zero-sum games. If the other benefits, I stand to lose. It is easy to be cynical and say nothing will change, but if we do that, we run the risk of neglecting our responsibilities, and we put our collective future in danger.


Let us bring ourselves in tune with the call of our times. First, let us work for genuine peace. No one country or group of countries can determine the course of this world. There has to be a genuine international partnership. This is not just a moral position but a practical reality. We need a genuine dialogue and engagement between countries. I say this from the conviction of the philosophical tradition that I come from. Our efforts must begin here – in the United Nations. We must reform the United Nations, including the Security Council, and make it more democratic and participative. Institutions that reflect the imperatives of the 20th century won’t be useful in the 21st. It would face the risk of irrelevance, and we will face the risk of continuing turbulence with no one capable of addressing it. We should put aside our differences and mount a concerted international effort to combat terrorism and extremism. As a symbol of this effort, I urge you to adopt the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.


We should ensure that there will be peace, stability, and order in the outer space and cyberspace. We should work together to ensure that all countries observe international rules and norms. The riddle task of UN peacekeeping; we should involve troop-contributing countries in decision-making. Let us continue to redouble our efforts to pursue universal global disarmament and non-proliferation. Second, we must pursue a more stable and inclusive global development. Globalization has created new poles of growth, new industries, and a new source of employment. At the same time, billions live on the edge of poverty and want; countries that can barely survive a global economic storm. There has never been a time when it has seemed more possible than now to change this. Technology has made things possible; the cost of providing it has reduced. We are no longer totally dependent on bricks and mortars.


If you think of the speed with which Facebook or Twitter has spread worldwide, if you think of the speed with which cell phones have spread, you must also believe that development and empowerment can spread at the same rate. Each country must, of course, take its own national measures; each Government must fulfill its responsibility to support growth and development. At the same time, we also require a genuine international partnership. At one level, it means better coordination of policy so that our efforts become mutually supportive, not mutually damaging. It also means that we accommodate each other’s concerns and interests when we craft agreements on international trade. When we think of the scale of want in the world – 2.5 billion people without access to basic sanitation; 1.3 billion people without access to electricity; or 1.1 billion people without access to drinking water, we need a more comprehensive and concerted direct international action. In India, the most important aspects of my development agenda are precisely to focus on these issues. The eradication of poverty must remain at the core of the Development Agenda and command our fullest attention. Third, we must seek a more habitable and sustainable world. There are debates and animals, clean rivers and lakes, and blue skies. I want to say three things. One, we should be honest in shouldering our responsibilities in meeting the challenges. The world had agreed on a beautiful balance of collective action – common but differentiated responsibilities. That should form the basis of continued action. This also means that the developed countries must fulfill their commitments for funding and technology transfer. Second, national action is imperative. Technology has made many things possible. We need imagination and commitment. India is prepared to share its technology and capabilities, just as we have announced a free satellite for the SAARC countries. Third, we need to change our lifestyles. Energy not consumed is the cleanest energy.


We can achieve the same level of development, prosperity, and well being without necessarily going down the path of reckless consumption. It doesn’t mean that economies will suffer; it will mean that our economies will take on a different character. For us in India, respect for nature is an integral part of spiritualism. We treat nature s bounties as sacred. Yoga is an invaluable gift of our ancient tradition. Yoga embodies unity of mind and body; thought and action; restraint and fulfillment; harmony between man and nature; a holistic approach to health and well being. It is not about exercise but to discover the sense of oneness with yourself, the world, and nature. By changing our lifestyle and creating consciousness, it can help us deal with climate change. Let us work towards adopting an International Yoga Day. Finally, We are at a historic moment. Its character defines every age; each generation is remembered for how it rose together to meet its challenges. We have that responsibility to rise to our challenges now. Nowhere is this more pronounced than in this great assembly; we should ask ourselves whether we should wait until we are 80 or100. Let us fulfill our promise to reform the United Nations Security Council by 2015. Let us fulfill our pledge on a Development Agenda so that there are new hope and belief in us worldwide. Let us also make a pristine watershed for a sustainable world. Let it be the beginning of a new journey together.




China lifts entry ban for resident permit holders

As per noticefrom People’s Republic of China Ministry of Foreign Affairs

National Immigration Administration

According to the current situation of the new crown pneumonia epidemic and the needs of prevention and control, some measures of the “Announcement on Temporary Suspension ofEntry by Foreigners Holding Valid Chinese Visas and Residence Permits”jointly issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the National ImmigrationAdministration on March 26, 2020, are adjusted as follows :

Starting at 0:00 on September 28, 2020, foreigners who hold valid Chinese residence permits for work, private affairs, and clusters are allowed to enter, and relevant personnel does not need to reapply for visas. If the above-mentioned three types of residence permits held by foreigners expire after 0:00 on March 28, 2020, the holders can apply to the Chinese diplomatic missions abroad with the expired residence permits and relevant materials provided that the reason for coming to China remains unchanged. The museum applies for the corresponding visa entry. The above-mentioned personnel must strictly abide by China’s anti-epidemic management regulations.

On March 26, it was announced that other measures will continue to be implemented. China will gradually and orderly resume personnel exchanges between China and foreign countries under the premise of ensuring the safety of epidemic prevention.

Quarantine and medication in China during COVID

This article is anonymously shared by an Indian traveler and his family whose test was uncertain upon arrival. Method of quarantine and medication that he and his family is going through.

One can be an inactive carrier (asymptomatic) of a virus that cannot be tested through-PCR/swab tests.

Only passengers with negative for RT-PCR tests/Nucleic tests can board the flight.

China is the only country in the world that has successfully controlled the pandemic. It is a World leader in terms of a number of tests and for the cure of COVID. So expect CHINA way of testing and measures to control the disease which is hard and tough.

Travelers are subject to undergo a Blood test (Antibody) and Swab test (RT-PCR) on your arrival at the airport.

The Swab Test is serious testing in CHINA, swab is collected from the back wall, left side, and right side of the throat.

A Nose swab stick is thin and flexible as compared to a throat swab and this stick is inserted right till the other part of the nostrils.  The swab stick is left inside and then another stick is used for the 2nd nostril, both are rotated clock and anticlockwise. It is a bit painful and naturally eyes start watering, and in most cases, people start sneezing.

This is the reason why China has been able to control COVID spread. Serious testing.

After 24 hours of testing, the results of the tests are shared with the authorities. Individuals are transferred from the hotel to Hospital, whose reports are uncertain or are have been tested positive.

The infant’s or child’s report is uncertain or positive one of the parents will be asked to accompany the child, the rest of the family needs to stay in the hotel.

Luggage should be stuffed in such a manner that you can easily unpack and carry necessary luggage to the hospital along with you as you cannot carry all the luggage to the hospital, in case the need arises.

In the hospital, suspicious and positive patients are accommodated in Isolation, a neat and clean room with an attached washroom. If you are vegetarian, you will get Chinese vegetarian food. If you need any daily basic stuff, the hospital staff can help to order for you.

The patient is kept under observation and regular tests like Stool, Sputum, Urine, Blood, Chest, CT scan, and Swab tests are performed. Once patient tests negative for 3 consecutive swab tests they are again quarantined for 14 days in the hospital. Swab test is conducted on the 13th day if it is found to be negative, they get discharged.

If the test on the 13th day is positive, the whole process will be repeated again, starting with 3 consecutive negative results of the tests.

If you plan to travel to China do so only if you have serious things to handle inChina. Please do get the following test done before you book your flight:

Blood test (Ensure you have negative Antibodies)

Stool test

Urine test

Sputum test

Chest CT.

SwabTest/ RT-PCR

The requirement for boarding a flight to China is to have a negative report of RT-PCR. This advice is for comfort and hassle-free completion of the process to lead a normal life after reaching China. Everyone should have a safe quarantine in the hotel and not in the hospital. Stay and treatment at the hospital are expensive and have to be borne by individuals. So please get all the above tests done and ensure you are fit and have no signs of COVID in your body. Stool test, Urine test, and Sputum test help to determine if your body is carrying an inactive or dead virus, which cannot be ascertained only through RT-PCR. CT scan of chest helps to determine that the lungs are clean and clear of any new or old infection. If any of these tests indicate any signs of infection, please don’t travel.

This article is written purely to create awareness for travel during pandemics. Staying in a hospital in a foreign country will cause a lot of mental stress.

A Failed journey towards home. 一次失败的回家之旅。

Everything was normal until mid of December 2019. Christmas and Chinese New Year were approaching. Work had stopped in the town that I stay in China, and people had started to move to their hometown. I decided to stay back in China during the holidays to work on a few new things. End of December, the atmosphere was getting changed with news of the spread of the invisible enemy of humanity- Coronavirus.


I witnessed the lockdown of China (my second home) and many sudden changes in life. This is where everyday things started to become abnormal, and abnormal was the new normal in life. Rules of life were changing faster than the speed of thoughts. No plans worked.


The Indian government announced to restrict international flights from the 22nd of March. I had two days to reach or regret not getting home at the time when my family needed me the most. I booked the next available flight and reached India. Never prior to this, I had such an unplanned journey. The moment I reached New Delhi, the policy of compulsory quarantine for 14 days was announced. I was still 1500+ km from my home, but accessible.


My quarantine period was yet to end, and a nation-wide lockdown was announced for 21 days. China also stopped the entry of international passengers. I was stuck in between my home and second home. My plans needed alteration once again. My hometown was the nearest place for me to go (250 km), and reached there after the mandatory quarantine period ended. Also, I had to be under self-isolation for 14 days, but I was much more relaxed. Stayed there for 45 days (never I had stayed so long after 5 years of my age). I was remarkably close to nature. Few peacocks had become my friends and visited me every evening. It was a new experience in life.

Dancing peacock我的隔离期还没有结束,全国范围的封锁已经宣布了21天。中国也停止了国际旅客入境。我被困在我的家和第二个家之间。我的计划需要再次修改。我的家乡是离我最近的地方(250公里),在强制隔离期结束后到了那里。再一次,我不得不自我隔离14天,但我放松了很多。在那里呆了45天(我5岁以后从来没有呆过这么久)。我非常接近大自然。很少有孔雀成为我的朋友,每天晚上都来看我。这是一种新的生活体验。

Raksha BandhanInfection in India was spreading, and travel was risky. To explore opportunities and learn more about my home state (province), I shifted to Jaipur, India’s most beautiful city. There is an old saying, “If you haven’t seen Jaipur, you haven’t seen anything.” The city looked more attractive due to the lack of traffic. I got an opportunity to celebrate the festival of “Raksha Bandhan” after 20 years with my sister and brother-in-law, a homeopath practitioner. Her medical skills also helped me to stay infection free due to her medicines.

Jal Mahal印度的感染正在蔓延,旅行也很危险。为了探索更多的机会和了解我的家乡(省),我搬到斋浦尔-印度最美丽的城市之一。有句老话说:“如果你没见过斋浦尔,你就什么也没看到”。由于交通不便,这座城市看起来更漂亮了。20年后,我有机会和我的顺势疗法医生姐姐一起庆祝“姐弟”节。由于她的药物治疗,她的医术也帮助我避免了感染。

China had started allowing people with special invitation letters, and my letter was expected to be issued at any moment. The next step was to get a visa from the Chinese embassy in New Delhi. I shifted to New Delhi and applied for a visa as soon as I received the letter. The most challenging part was traveling to China, and luckily the Indian Government planned repatriation flights for Indians stuck in China.


Suddenly life started to move in a positive direction, but I could still not decide whether to leave for my second home or reach home and stay with my family for a few days. The situation’s seriousness made me overcome my emotions and start planning my journey back to my second home. By this time, I had realized that I could not wait for a second chance for anything for the rest of my life and have started taking all kinds of measures to prevent missing an opportunity.


To get a health declaration for endorsed from the Embassy of China at New Delhi, I had to submit a test report of samples submitted 120 hours before the flight. To prevent any kind of delay, I got myself tested at 3 different places (this also made sure that I was free from infection). I did the same thing for my test report of the sample before 48 hours of the flight. All the reports were negative, and it built my confidence to continue my journey.


When I share my experience, in brief, I am in the middle of my mandatory quarantine period of 14 days in Ningbo, China, with the hope of reaching back my second home, the place where this journey started from. Never before this, I have come to China with such a heavy heart as I could not meet my parents, wife, kids, brother, nephew, and so many friends.


I came close to many things during this period of 9 months, which went ignored before. Made new friends, filtered old-ones, changed my lifestyle, the way I thought, etc. I have a feeling of retaking birth.


Things that were helpful during my journey.在我旅途中有用的东西。


My mobile kitchen and food. 我的移动厨房和食物。


Devices that helped me to mentally.有助于我精神上的装置。

Oximeter and thermometer

For peace of mind. 为了安心。

Pray while travelling

How Indians can reach China.

Many towns and cities in China are issuing PU letters (Special invitation letters during pandemics) to India’s valid work permit holders. 

Process for PU letters:

Every town has a different procedure to issue PU letters; information can be collected from the local foreign affairs office. 

Duration to get PU letters:

The period to get PU letters varies from 2 to 6 weeks. 

Process after getting PU letter:

After receiving the PU letter, the invitee has to submit a revised visa application form along with a health declaration, PU letter, cover letter, and one photograph to the embassy of China at New Delhi, through VFS.

Visa fees: INR 3900/person

VFS Service Charge: INR 2478/person

VFS Premium lounge: INR 2478/person

Visa fees of INR 3900 are waived off for persons holding a valid resident permit.

Duration to get Visa is ten days. Passports are sent through courier, and only in case of urgency collection in person is allowed. 


India’s government has been arranging Vande Bharat Mission flights to repatriate Indians from various countries and China. Whenever inbound passengers are allowed, Indians willing to travel to China are accommodated in these flights (upcoming flight is on 10th September for Ningbo). One has to register with the Embassy of India in China to avail of this facility. Registration can be done by sending a mail to INDIAN EMBASSY HELPDESK helpdesk.beijing@mea.gov.in.

Details have to be submitted in excel sheet with the following format:

The embassy will send the list to Air India, and a payment link will be sent for booking the flight. Fare for flights is:

Before boarding

RT PCR test must be done within 48 hours of boarding, and the test report has to be sent to healthdeclarationformindia@gmail.com. The Health declaration form will be endorsed by the Embassy of China in India and sent by mail.

Only asymptomatic passengers will be allowed to travel.

After reaching China

Tests will be conducted after reaching China, and the passenger has to get quarantined on a chargeable basis at designated hotels for 14 days.  

Special Invitation Letter (PU letter) from China

China is allowing foreigners with a valid reason to enter China, travelers can obtain a visa, against a special invitation letter (PU letter).

One can apply for a PU letter at the local FAO of the town/city of residence. The process of issuing letters is between 2 to 6 weeks.

Acceptance of an application for an invitation letter is not an assurance of getting the same. Authorities can reject the application. The letters are valid for three months. Passenger can enter once for a period between 90 days to 180 days.

After getting a letter, the recipient of the letter must apply for Visa to the embassy/consulate of China in the residing country for a Visa.

Receipt of acceptance letter does not assure a Visa; Embassy/consulate can refuse a Visa. Business Visas issued are single entry for a period between 90 days to 180 days and may not necessarily match the period of the invitation letter (PU letter).

Invitation letter (PU letters) are barcoded and are verified by the Embassy/Consulate before issuing a visa. Submission of forged letters can attract legal action.

Before boarding for flight, testing is mandatory as per the instruction of the Embassy of China and declarations while obtaining the letter of invitation (PU letter).

Passengers undergo test for the virus upon arrival in China. There is a process of quarantine either at designated hotels or at home.

A person with a valid resident card can apply for a regular work visa after returning. Resident cards can be renewed online on the website of the foreigner’s affairs office.

Free Chinese Visa for Indians

Visa fee is waived off for Indians willing to return to China and holding a valid resident card of China. 

Most of the provinces in China are allowing Indians with valid resident cards to enter China after obtaining special (PU) invitation letters.

The following are the broad categories (every province has different) of applicants eligible for the invitation letters.

  1. A person who is working for a Fortune 500 company.
  2. The person who is working for a company with an annual turnover of USD 5 million or more.
  3. Owner of wholly-owned foreign enterprises. (WOFE)
  4. Students (Not university students.)
  5. Family members of the person staying in China with a valid resident card.

Eligible invitees should have a valid reason to obtain an invitation letter. Applications can be submitted at the foreign affairs office (FAO) of the local government. The set of application documents mainly consists of company documents, financial documents, and declarations (mainly related to planned steps for prevention of the spread of epidemic). The average time frame for processing the invitation letter is 4 to 6 weeks.

After receiving an invitation letter, the person can apply to the Chinese embassy in India, New Delhi, through VFS. Chinese consulates at Mumbai and Kolkata are currently not processing visas against PU letters.

The contents of the application form have been revised. Following documents accompany the application form:

  1. Two photographs
  2. Covering letter
  3. PU letter
  4. Invitation letter from the company.
  5. Health declaration form
  6. Detailed travel itinerary.

Covid19 test from ICMR approved laboratories is mandatory within 120 hours of boarding the flight. The result of the test report has to be sent by mail to the Chinese embassy in India; they will endorse the health declaration form submitted with application based on the test report and send it by mail. 

A person willing to travel by VBM (Vande Bharat Mission) flights should send following details by mail(helpdesk.beijing@mea.gov.in) to the Indian embassy in China: