In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. It reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled here and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China.

Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the native population within its governing structure. Throughout this period, the island has prospered to become one of East Asia’s economic “Tigers.” The dominant political issue continues to be the relationship between it and China and the question of eventual reunification.

According to the U.S. State Department, the United States and Taiwan enjoy a robust unofficial relationship. The 1979 U.S.-P.R.C. Joint Communique switched diplomatic recognition from Taipei to Beijing. The United States does not support its independence, but ‘the 1979 Taiwan Relations Act provides the legal basis for the unofficial relationship between the United States and them, and enshrines the U.S. commitment to assist it in maintaining its defensive capability’.

Industries such as mining of Coal, Sugar, Sulphur, Fishing, Electronics are well known.

Main cities and towns